The Spin Redis trigger

Pub-sub (publish-subscribe) messaging is a popular architecture for asynchronous message processing. Spin has built-in support to creating and running applications in response to messages on pub-sub Redis channels.

The Redis trigger in Spin subscribes to messages from a given Redis instance, and dispatches those messages to components for handling.

This page deals with the Redis trigger for subscribing to pub-sub messages. For information about reading and writing the Redis key-value store, or for publishing messages, see the Language Guides.

Specifying a Redis Trigger

A Redis trigger maps a Redis channel to a component. For example:

[[trigger.redis]]
channel = "messages"          # the channel that the trigger subscribes to
component = "my-application"  # the name of the component to handle this route

Such a trigger says that Redis messages on the specified channel should be handled by the specified component. The component field works the same way across all triggers - see Triggers for the details.

Spin subscribes only to the channels that are mapped to components. Other channels are ignored.

Redis Trigger Application Settings

Applications containing Redis triggers must specify the address of the Redis server to subscribe to. This is done via the [application.trigger.redis] section of manifest:

[application.trigger.redis]
address = "redis://notifications.example.com:6379"

If you create an application from a Redis template, the trigger will be already set up for you.

By default, Spin does not authenticate to Redis. You can work around this by providing a password in the redis:// URL. For example: address = "redis://:p4ssw0rd@localhost:6379"

Do not use passwords in code committed to version control systems.

We plan to offer secrets-based authentication in future versions of Spin.

Redis Components

Spin runs Redis components using the WebAssembly component model. In this model, the Wasm module exports a well-known interface that Spin calls to handle the Redis message.

The Message Handler

The exact signature of the Redis handler, and how a function is identified to be exported as the handler, will depend on your language.

Want to go straight to the reference documentation? Find it here.

In Rust, the handler is identified by the #[spin_sdk::redis_component] attribute. It takes a bytes::Bytes, representing the raw payload of the Redis message, and returns an anyhow::Result indicating success or an error with details. This example just logs the payload as a string:

use anyhow::Result;
use bytes::Bytes;
use spin_sdk::redis_component;
use std::str::from_utf8;

/// A simple Spin Redis component.
#[redis_component]
fn on_message(message: Bytes) -> Result<()> {
    println!("{}", from_utf8(&message)?);
    Ok(())
}

The JavaScript/TypeScript SDK doesn’t currently support Redis components. Please let us know if this is important to you.

The Python SDK doesn’t currently support Redis components. Please let us know if this is important to you.

Want to go straight to the reference documentation? Find it here.

In Go, you register the handler as a callback in your program’s init function. Call redis.Handle (from the Spin SDK redis package), passing your handler as the sole argument. Your handler takes a single byte slice ([]byte) argument, and may return an error or nil.

The do-nothing main function is required by TinyGo but is not used; the action happens in the init function and handler callback.

This example just logs the payload as a string:

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/fermyon/spin/sdk/go/v2/redis"
)

func init() {
	redis.Handle(func(payload []byte) error {
		fmt.Println(string(payload))
		return nil
	})
}

func main() {}

Inside Redis Components

For the most part, you’ll build Redis component modules using a language SDK (see the Language Guides section), such as a Rust crate or Go package. If you’re interested in what happens inside the SDK, or want to implement Redis components in another language, read on!

The Redis component interface is defined using a WebAssembly Interface (WIT) file. (Learn more about the WIT language here.). You can find the latest WITs for Spin Redis components at https://github.com/fermyon/spin/tree/main/wit.

In particular, the entry point for Spin Redis components is defined in the inbound-redis interface:

interface inbound-redis {
  use redis-types.{payload, error}

  // The entrypoint for a Redis handler.
  handle-message: func(message: payload) -> result<_, error>
}

This is the interface that all Redis components must implement, and which is used by Spin when instantiating and invoking the component. However, it is implemented internally by the Spin SDK - you don’t need to implement it directly.